Whether owners of public accommodations can refuse certain services based on the First Amendment claims of free speech and free exercise of religion.

Issues & Arguments

  • Does the application of Colorado's public accommodations law to compel a cake maker to design and make a cake that violates his sincerely held religious beliefs about same-sex marriage violate the Free Speech or Free Exercise Clauses of the First Amendment?

People & Organizations



  • "On August 13, 2015, the Colorado Court of Appeals unanimously affirmed the Commission’s order, finding that the bakery discriminated because of sexual orientation in violation of state law." -ACLU
  • On July 22, 2016 the petition for a writ of certiorari was filed.
  • The United States Supreme Court granted certiorari on June 26, 2017
  • The case was argued on Dec 5, 2017
  • On June 04, 2018 The Supreme Court filed the opinion.


  • The Court reversed in a 7-2 decision, holding that the Colorado Civil Rights Commission's conduct in evaluating a cake shop owner's reasons for declining to make a wedding cake for a same-sex couple violated the Free Exercise Clause.
  • "The Court did not rule on the broader intersection of anti-discrimination laws, free exercise of religion, and freedom of speech, due to the complications of the Commission's lack of religious neutrality." - Wikipedia


  • None


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See also

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